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题目:Conflating Temporal Advancement and Epistemic Advancement: The Latecomer Bias in Reconciling Conflicting Information Obtained over Time

摘要:When seeking out the truth about a certain aspect of their world, people frequently conduct two or more inquiries successively over a period of time. Typically, later inquires improve upon earlier ones, and therefore it is not irrational to expect the finding of a later inquiry to be closer to the truth than that of an earlier one. However, when no substantive differences exist between earlier and later inquiries, later findings should not be considered epistemically superior. Yet, we find people continue to regard later findings as closer to the truth than earlier ones in these cases. In nine experiments, when later inquiries conflicted with, but did not improve upon, earlier ones, participants’ inferences about the truth aligned more with later findings than earlier one, an effect referred to as latecomer bias. This bias for the later inquiries can have serious ramifications for the well-being of society and its members.

报告人简介:Dr. Haotian Zhou is an assistant professor at the School of Entrepreneurship and Management, ShanghaiTech University. He earned his Ph.D. in social psychology from the University of Chicago in 2014. He is broadly interested in judgement, mind perception and folk psychology. His research has appeared in academic journals, such as Psychological Science, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, and Neuroscience.



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