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我院二年级博士生王广海等的研究成果发表在国际学术期刊上

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        我院2011级博士生王广海和张恩涛及其研究团队论文《中国学龄儿童睡眠问题:发生率和相关因素》。(Sleep patterns and sleep disturbances among Chinese school-aged children: prevalence and associated factors)近期被国际期刊《睡眠医学》(Sleep Medicine)录用,Doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2012.09.022。该杂志被SCI收录,主要刊发来自心理学、精神病学和神经病学等学科睡眠领域的优秀研究成果,其2011年影响因子为3.400, 近5年影响因子为3.564.

        本研究采用国际认可的标准化工具,儿童睡眠习惯问卷(Children’ Sleep Habits  Questionnaire, CSHQ)和长处困难问卷(Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, SDQ)对深圳市912名学龄儿童进行了调查,以了解其睡醒模式、睡眠不足和睡眠问题的发生率、睡眠问题与人口统计学因素和情绪行为问题的关系。研究结果表明,我国学龄儿童睡眠不足和睡眠问题的发生率较高,睡眠问题与儿童的性别、年级、是否与家长合睡、情绪症状、品行问题和多动相关。 这提示,该群体睡眠不足和睡眠问题值得重视,应当对其进行预防、早期筛查和及时干预,且综合考虑来自人口统计学因素和情绪行为问题的影响。

 

附:

http://www.journals.elsevier.com/sleep-medicine/

Impact Factor:
2011: 3.400
 

Sleep patterns and sleep disturbances among Chinese school-aged children: prevalence and associated factors

GuangHai Wang a, *, GuangXing Xu a, ZhiJun Liu b, Ning Lu c, Rui Ma d, EnTao Zhang a

a School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China

b School of Public Health, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China

c Research and Counseling Centre of Applied Psychology, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China

d Nanshan Xuefu Primary School, Shenzhen 518060, China. Characteristics of their comparisons

 

ABSTRACT

Objective: The study aimed to (1) characterize sleep patterns and sleep disturbances among Chinese school-aged children, (2) determine the prevalence of their short sleep duration and sleep disturbances based on clinical cutoffs, and (3) examine possible factors (socio-demographic factors and emotional/behavioral problems) that are associated with sleep disturbances.

Methods: A large representative sample of 912 children aged 6-14 years was recruited from Shenzhen, China. Their parents completed the Children’s Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ).

Results: The mean bedtime was 9:45 pm (SD = 1 h 11 min), mean wake-up time was 7:03 am (SD = 31 min), mean sleep duration was 9 h 14 min (SD = 46 min), and 23.8% of the children had sleep duration < 9 h. Overall, 69.3% of the children suffered from global sleep disturbances (CSHQ total score > 41). Bedtime resistance (22.9%), sleep anxiety (22.1%), sleep duration (21%) and daytime sleepiness (20%) were the most prevalent sleep disturbances; followed by sleep disordered breathing (12.1%), parasomnias (9.4%), sleep onset delay (6.9%), and night waking (5.2%). The prevalence of specific sleep disturbances ranged from 3.2% (falling asleep while watching TV) to 81.9% (awakening by other in the morning). Correlations between most domains of sleep disturbances and emotional/behavioral problems were statistically significant (p < 0.05 or p < 0.01). Hierarchical multiple regression analysis revealed that gender (β = 0.10, p < 0.01), school grade (β = -0.09, p < 0.05), co-sleeping (β = 0.25, p < 0.01), emotional symptoms (β = 0.24, p < 0.01), conduct problems (β = 0.09, p < 0.05), and hyperactivity (β = 0.17, p < 0.01) accounted for significant variance in CSHQ total score.

Conclusions: Short sleep duration and sleep disturbances are prevalent among Chinese school-aged children. Sleep disturbances are associated with gender, school grade, co-sleeping, emotional symptoms, conduct problems, and hyperactivity.

Keywords: School-aged children; Sleep patterns; Sleep disturbances; Emotional/behavioral problems; China



* Corresponding author: Tel: +86 021 62233784; Fax: +86 021 62233784.

Email address: wang-guanghai@163.com(GuangHai Wang).

 

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